Once upon in Chemical history ——“Super power”BASF

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Once upon in Chemical history

   ——“Super power”BASF

(The second episode of season 1)

In the spring of 1914, When Kaiser Wilhelm II was in Berlin to review the Imperial forces fully satisfied or contented, he can never imagine that, the decision which he made this summer, will be brought the whole German nation into the abyss of nearly a century.


Wilhelm II was reviewing the army.


BASF was ambitious, because in 1911, after extensive testing, Alwin Mittasch chemical engineers finally discovered the catalyst for ammonia synthesis: Active iron. That means BASF will open up a whole new business----synthetic ammonia, even today, the fertilizer industry is also full of opportunities. But if want to produce ammonia fertilizer in commercial process, they must overcome the technical difficulties of production equipment, frist. Haber-bosch has presided over the design and construction of new equipment, BASF established the first material testing laboratory in the chemical industry in 1912.


Installation of high pressure reactor for ammonia installation


A year after breaking ground, the first ammonia synthesis was put into operation in Augsburg, where in three kilometres north of the ludwigshafen in 1913. It can process 9,000 tons of ammonia into 36,000 tons of ammonium sulfate a year. 100 years later, the annual output of ammonium sulfate at the Ludwigshafen base reached 875000 tons. In 1914, the Lindbergh agricultural research station, near ludwigshafen, was established to investigate the physiology of fertilizers and crops. This paved the way for BASF to launch a global pesticide chemical business.

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Calcium ammonium nitrate “Rieselkorn”


While BASF is ready to make a show in the field of pesticides and fertilizers, the outbreak of war soon upset everything. In the early days of the war, the germans were on a roll, and in accordance with the schlieffen plan, they were moving towards Paris. But by August, in the battle of the marne, the germans were resisted by the British and French forces, in this battle, German casualties were about 210,000, and the French army was about 140,000. At the same time, the russians started attacking east Prussia on the eastern front, Wilhelm II 's empire was caught in an awkward double-line operation. There has never been such a mass war in human history,Germanyin the vortex feels a lot of pressure, The original military industry has been unable to keep up with the needs of the war, Many non-military companies are required by the government to produce munitions.

BASF is no exception, synthetic ammonia is designed to ensure food for a growing population. However, at the end of 1914, due to the shortage of ammunition, the government preferred to use ammonia. Ammonia was converted to potassium nitrate in the Augsburg plant and then used in the explosives industry. Chlorine and phosgene are important intermediates used in the manufacture of dyes and drugs, both armies use them to make poison gas.


The gas war in world war I


As Ludwigshafen is close to the French border, it is vulnerable to shelling and bombing by the allies,so the government ordered the construction of a second large production plant, the address choseEast Germany, a production base protected from gunfire. After a brief construction period. In April 1917, BASF's second ammonia plant was put into production at lowina near fort meiersseberg.

In world war I, because there was no concept of long-range strategic bombing, so the distinction between the front lines and the rear is obvious. Although the people in the rear do not have to face gunfire and boom, but due to the militarization of the national economy, the daily life has been seriously affected. By the end of the war, ordinary germans had to accept the rationing of daily supplies and foods, and this is just the beginning of the nightmare.

BASF was more miserable, at the end of the first world war in 1918, German dye manufacturers had lost their lead in global markets. German companies' overseas production facilities, subsidiaries, subsidiaries and sales companies and registered patents have been confiscated. BASF was captured by the French army for months, and links to the east coast of the Rhine were destroyed.

The war was over, butGermany's misery was just beginning. After the abdication of Wilhelm II, although the weimar republic was established,Germanywas basically a mess. The big cities are full of veterans and disabled veterans, some begging on the streets, some picking fights, all political forces are making trouble, there are strikes and uprisings of varying degrees every week, the new government was battered by successive strikes and uprisings, having no energy to manage people's lives and the economy, plus the huge war reparations imposed by the allies on Germany, Germany has at last broken out of the most exaggerated inflation in human history.


In 1923 a disabled soldier was begging on the street


BASF, who had already been dismantled by the French army, was struggling to rebuild after the war, but on September 21, 1921, a tragic accident added to the company's woes. A major explosion occurred at the new Augsburg production base, It killed more than 500 people and caused major damage to production bases and surrounding communities. The explosion of fertilizer caused by the loosening of the fertilizer in the warehouse led to an explosion, which led to this accident.

Sadness and misery pervaded the whole BASF and weimar republic, a huge blow ensued, in August 1923, Mark exchanged one dollar from 4.2 to one million; on November 20th, the value fell to 4.2 trillion. The cash in the hands of all people is worse than waste paper, The savings that have been painstakingly saved are suddenly evaporated, and the country is on the verge of collapse.


Children who use paper money as building blocks

Suffering will never defeat the greatGermany, and suffering will only makeGermanystronger. In the midst of a whine, basf first responds, in 1923, during the worst of the crisis, the company introduced a new currency, the “aniline Mark”. In the short term, it became the most sought cash after banknote in the region. The move not only saved the company, protected the interests of its employees, but also gained the absolute loyalty of its employees, Because in the most tragic and darkest of times, the company always stands with its employees, that is one of the key reasons for BASF's future rise.

And in the winter of that year, in a beer house in Munich, The fiery Hitler led the three thousand most followed men, waging a notorious "beer tavern riot". BASF and the whole ofGermanywill enter one of the darkest periods in history...... (to be continued)

In fact, we Midas chemical in the process of cooperation with BASF, but also a profound understanding of the BASF efficient and professional, not only the quality of products consistent, customer care and protection is also unmatched by ordinary enterprises, it can be said that our Midas chemical communication and cooperation with BASF every time is enjoyable. So the strength of a business is not just a huge scale or a huge sales revenue, but also is reflected in every outstanding and professional staff, it is a well educated and loyal staff that constitutes a strong, open international enterprise, BASF. And that is true of a nation, only a society composed of a well - trained and industrious citizenry to create a great nation. In the next installment, we will introduce the rise and development of BASF in world war II and the post-war period. See you next time!

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